Qimonda Professor, Department of Chemical and Life Science Engineering
firstname.lastname@example.org, 804-828-5459, Biotech 8, Room 418, 737 North 5th, Richmond, VA, UNITED STATES
Dr. Yang's research is at the convergence of materials science and translational medicine.
Awarded by Qimonda.
Awarded by the National Science Foundation.
Awarded by the Wallace H. Coulter Foundation.
Postdoc, Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ph.D., Chemical Engineering
Cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles have appeared as a promising platform to develop active tumor targeting nanomedicines. To evade the immune surveillance, we designed a composite cell membrane-camouflaged biomimetic nanoplatform, namely, leutusome, which is made of liposomal nanoparticles incorporating plasma membrane components derived from both leukocytes (murine J774A.1 cells) and tumor cells (head and neck tumor cells HN12). Exogenous phospholipids were used as building blocks to fuse with two cell membranes to form liposomal nanoparticles. Liposomal nanoparticles made of exogenous phospholipids only or in combination with one type of cell membrane were fabricated and compared. The anticancer drug paclitaxel (PTX) was used to make drug-encapsulating liposomal nanoparticles. Leutusome resembling characteristic plasma membrane components of the two cell membranes were examined and confirmed in vitro. A xenograft mouse model of head and neck cancer was used to profile the blood clearance kinetics, biodistribution, and antitumor efficacy of the different liposomal nanoparticles. The results demonstrated that leutusome obtained prolonged blood circulation and was most efficient accumulating at the tumor site (79.1 ± 6.6% ID per gram of tumor). Similarly, leutusome composed of membrane fractions of B16 melanoma cells and leukocytes (J774A.1) showed prominent accumulation within the B16 tumor, suggesting the generalization of the approach. Furthermore, PTX-encapsulating leutusome was found to most potently inhibit tumor growth while not causing systemic adverse effects.view more
The utility of folic acid (FA)-decorated polyamidoamine dendrimer G4 (G4-FA) as a vector was investigated for local delivery of siRNA. In a xenograft HN12 (or HN12-YFP) tumor mouse model of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), intratumorally (i.t.) injected G4-FA exhibited high tumor uptake and sustained highly localized retention in the tumors according to near infrared (NIR) imaging assessment. siRNA against vascular endothelial growth factor A (siVEGFA) was chosen as a therapeutic modality. Compared to the nontherapeutic treatment groups (PBS solution or dendrimer complexed with nontherapeutic green fluorescent protein siRNA [siGFP]), G4-FA/siVEGFA showed tumor inhibition effects in single-dose and two-dose regimen studies. In particular, two doses of G4-FA/siVEGFA i.t. administered eight days apart resulted in a more profound inhibition of tumor growth, accompanied with significant reduction in angiogenesis, as judged by CD31 staining and microvessel counts. Tumor size reduction in the two-dose regimen study was ascertained semi-quantitatively by live fluorescence imaging of YFP tumors and independently supported antitumor effects of G4-FA/siVEGFA. Taken together, G4-FA shows high tumor uptake and sustained retention properties, making iview more
Dendrimers possess discrete highly compact nanostructures constituted of successive branched layers. Soon after the inception of dendrimers, recognition of their tunable structures and biologically favorable properties provoked a great enthusiasm in delving deeply into the utility of dendrimers for biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. One of the most important nanotechnology applications is the development of nanomedicines for targeted cancer therapies. Tremendous success in targeted therapies has been achieved with the use of dendrimer-based nanomedicines. This article provides a concise review on latest advances in the utility of dendrimers in immunotherapies and hormone therapies.